Ravenna, 5th August 2020. CAB's 2020 straw cereal harvest closed in 229 thousand quintals, slightly down compared to the record volumes of 2019 equal to 240 thousand quintals. The recorded quantities confirm the long-term growth trend of this sector, flagship of agriculture in Ravenna. A significant data concerns the decline in the areas cultivated under organic farming and dedicated to autumn-winter cereals following crop rotations, which went from 576 hectares in 2019 to 325 hectares, or from 15% to about 9% of the total.
All the productions are of excellent quality, both those grown with the integrated production method and organic: the qualitative parameters, the bread-making and pasta-making characteristics are very good. The same result for the health aspects, with the absence of mycotoxins.
Unfortunately, once again, the prices are not up to par: after a positive start to the campaign, the current prices are not even sufficient to recover production costs; the hope is that they can improve during the second part of the trading season. It should be noted that a large part of these productions is destined for the certified seed supply chain, which for years has been a real supply chain of excellence of these cooperatives. "With regard to the issue of quotations, I would like to emphasize the need to combat unfair competition at an international level and to govern European markets", declares the director of Promosagri Massimo Bondi.
In general, the decline in volumes is attributable to a significant decrease in dedicated areas: from 3,720 hectares planted with straw cereals in 2019 to 3,523 hectares of this year. 3.523 ettari In particular, 2,125 hectares were of soft wheat, 1,224 of durum wheat and only 174 to barley (last year they were 521 hectares). “An interesting result, achieved despite the difficult weather conditions, mainly due to the long period of drought”, emphasizes Bondi.
For soft wheat in integrated production, the average yield obtained was 67 quintals / hectare, while for organic it was confirmed around 64 quintals / hectare. The same positive trend for durum wheat thanks to an average production of 65 quintals / hectare for integrated products and about 49 quintals / hectare for organic products.
The barley season is more complex with volumes in sharp decline compared to the extraordinary results of 2019: the average for the product in integrated pest management was 51.85 quintals / hectare while for organic it was 57 quintals / hectare.